Dutch island located in the Chesapeake Bay, a few kilometers west of the town of Wenona, Maryland. This island was once about 3 kilometers long and a kilometer wide, now you will not find it. It was inhabited mostly by fishermen. But for decades, and we can even say that the centuries, the rise of water in the bay just engulfed the island. And the last house on the island stood defiantly long, more than a century until its collapse in October 2010.
The first settlers came to the island in the 1600s . And he got this name in honor of the first owner Daniel Holland . By 1850, there has been formed a successful community of fishermen. By 1910, the island was already about 360 residents. At dawn, the island had 70 houses , a few shops , a post office , two rooms , two teachers from the school , church and community center . And had its own baseball team and a doctor. Islanders earned collecting oysters, crab and herring fishing . Their fleet consisted at times up to 80 boats of various sizes.
By 1920, erosion from wind and tides began to take its toll. Like other islands in the Chesapeake Bay , Dutch island consisted mainly of clay and silt , and not from the more stable rocks – rocks. Islanders tried to bring the stones to build a wall along the shore and even built walls of sunken boats , but it helped to slow the erosion of quite a while. Most of the inhabitants were forced to flee , many assorted home and took them away to the mainland. In August 1918 , a tropical storm hit the Gulf , almost destroying the church , prompting the last to leave his family in 1922 . From this point on , more and more houses began to disappear under water … except one …
Until 1995, this house is guarded and tried to save Stephen White, a Methodist church and a former resident of the island. That he bought a house for $ 70,000, trying to preserve his legacy by creating a fund to promote the conservation of the island. Over the next 15 years, Mr. White spent nearly $ 150,000 and a bunch of their own forces to save the island by creating a coastline of sandbags, wood, and even sinking off the coast of the old barge.
Stephen White’s heroic efforts have been in vain. In mid-October 2010, the house finally succumbed to erosion and collapsed. Over the next few months the water took all the rubble, piece by piece, and a year later the water rose so that the island was nothing left